www.cpsh.net > CompEtEnCE pErFormAnCE

CompEtEnCE pErFormAnCE

competence 是能力的意思,而performance是表现的意思.例如:His performance today does not reflect his competence at all.他今天的表现没有体现出他的能力.希望你能够满意!

你好!前者是"权限-文法",后者是"业绩语法" 打字不易,采纳哦!

A distinction introduced by Chomsky into linguistic theory but of wider application. Competence refers to a speaker's knowledge of his language as manifest in his ability to produce and to understand a theoretically infinite number of sentences most

langue :语言是抽象的,稳定的.即“所有(语言使用)使用个体头脑中存储的词语形象之总和.”parole :言语是具体的,随着说话人的不同而改变的.

乔姆斯基的形式语言学思想,主要包含以下两个方面:1、乔姆斯基把索绪尔的语言(langue)和言语(parole)改成语言能力(competence)和语言运用(performance).2、乔姆斯基认为语言是某种天赋,儿童天生就具有一种学习语言的能力,乔姆斯基称其为语言习得机制(languageacquisitiondevice)他认为语言学的研究对象是语言的“人脑黑箱装置”的生成能力怎样用有限的规则生成无限的句子.

performance [per'formance || pr'frmns /p'f-] n. 履行, 成绩, 执行 parole [parole || p'rl] n. 有条件释放, 假释;有条件自由; 假释期;诺言, 宣誓 v. 宣誓后释放, 使假释出狱

http://everything2.com/e2node/competence%2520vs.%2520performance

网站地图

All rights reserved Powered by www.cpsh.net

copyright ©right 2010-2021。
www.cpsh.net内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit325@qq.com